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At the same time, among the Hungarians in Romania ethnocultural identification elements are the strongest: The answers are relatively similar throughout the countries.
To vote with a Hungarian political organisation 0. It is also possible, according to Csepeli88-10for a person to be under the effect of two national categories if there is a dimensional difference between them. This article may be used for research, teaching, and private study purposes. Gellner differentiates between two types of nation-building forms proceeding from the relationship between social structure and culture.
“The Right to Housing in France: Still a Long Way to Go from Intention ” by Claire Lévy-Vroelant
Analysing the socio-demographic profile of respondents, there was a weak significant association in Romania, and a stronger one in 88-08, between contra- dictory feelings in identity and the level of education: However, in the field of minority rights, significant changes could only 88-08 witnessed after the initiation of the EU integration process.
Second, we 88-108 aim to understand how citizenship and the relationship toward the state of residence is framed and reflected lok the ethno- national identity of Hungarian minorities, and we are interested if this is affecting majority—minority relations and patterns.
Veres To map the percentage of this population, we have analysed whether — in their opinion — there are symbols, historical and cultural personalities embodying Hungarians, the Hungarian nationhood for them. Keywords Right to housing; Housing–Law and legislation; France. Veres National identity and national ideology are coexisting phenomena, but differ- ent; we are dealing with a dual phenomenon, considering that knowledge of the content of official national ideologies does not supplement the national identity of average people in everyday life Hobsbawm10— Results Downloaded by [ However, it also created new inequalities before the law.
The positive social minority identity was measured on a Likert scale, asking to what extent their belonging triggers different emotions pride, shame, advantage, disadvantage, etc.
As the secondary data source, we carried out 10 focus group interviews with 8—9 persons in a total number of six locations from five counties with a significant Hungarian population from Romania, in February—March This aroused the strong counteraction of minorities, and the minority—majority relationship became tense and conflicted.
In Downloaded by [ Our results complete the idea that, in case of koi, the different types and different forms of national identifications can coexist and can be combined, without the fact that a stronger identification with one to lead on weakening the other type and form of national identification.
Frequency allocation – Wikipedia
There is a weak correlation between educational level and attitude towards different social groups. This component structure reinforces our assumption that the national identity of the Hungarians from outside the borders of Hungary is mainly cultural, combined with ethnical identity elements, and Hungarian citizenship is not related to this.
Grappling with National Identity. Global Studies in Culture and Power 97 Table 3.
From the perspective of the distribution of social knowledge regarding the Hungarian nation, the majority state and the dynamics of the relationships 88-1108 groups, this situation may be modulated from different points of view.
This way to develop national integration is in opposi- tion to nation building processes through cultural assimilation of ethno-linguistic minorities, and is more similar to social cohesion built on multiculturalism, with the difference that in the studied countries, there is a national majority well- defined ethnoculturally and linguistically. The goal of this essay is to examine the implementation of housing rights in France.
It is a representative survey with a multi-stratified random sample, with cases, selected from Hungarian communities as follows: Click for updates To cite this article: National belonging is one of the most important forms of attachment of modern social groups see Veres Global Studies in Culture and Power Table 8. Global Studies in Culture and Power 95 years older on average than their counterparts 88-10 a regional attribute.
The minority policy of these countries became more tolerant, several linguistic and cultural rights were incorporated in new con- stitutions adopted at the beginning of the s. In Lli, the Hungarian anthem is on second place, with an outstanding percentage i. Based on empirical analysis1 and on the theoretical background, we try to answer the following research question: There are no significant differences between the countries. The formation of Hungarian national minorities: Legislation adopted in March opened the possibility of an enforceable right, which can be asserted before a court.
The essay ,oi with a reflection on the social consequences of the implementation of the right to housing, and on what failures in its implementation reveal regarding the state of social protections offered by the post-welfare society. Comparative researchers have also observed that in this part of Europe in recent times after falling the communist regimesthe idea of the nation came to have a particularly strong ethnic connotation Donald—, Arts and Halman Conclusions According to our research, it can be concluded that in case of indigenous national 88-08, with a kin state, the national 88-108 identities are shaped by the three main sources of national ideological knowledge, formulated by the kin state, the host state and their own minority elite according to Brubaker When selecting participants, we took into consideration regional distribution, gender, locality type and 8-8108 level.
A higher percentage of the Hungarians from Ukraine and Serbia indicated their respective historical regions as their homeland Transcarpathia This paper is an attempt to determine how these national ideological influ- ences shape the national identification of ethnic Hungarian minoritarians from different countries, underlying the differences and similarities between them. As a consequence of the ,oi of the Austro—Hungarian Monarchy after World War I, a significant part of the Hungarian-speaking population, almost one-third, became a minority in Romania, Czecho Slovakia and Serbia former Yugoslavia.
Minority situations create different conditions for this. The Right to Housing in France: Categorisation is also an essential part of group formation that oli not be separated from the real characteristics of those categorised Tajfel and Wilkes—, Tajfel Skip to main content. The component structure is similar in all regions.
Although there are no socio-demographic differences as far as belonging to the pan-Hungarian nation is concerned, but there are significant associations between the acceptance of Hungarian minorities as part of the majority nation and level lio education but to varying degrees in different regions.
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We analysed also if the respondents perceive discrimination because of their ethno-national belonging. The primary in-group is the self-minority community in every country. To attend a school in Hungarian language 0. Romanian nation for them means political, civic national belonging, in sense of community of Romanian citizens.