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This volume describes operational procedures recommended for the guidance of flight operations personnel. It also outlines the various parameters on which. VOLUME I. FLIGHT PROCEDURES. 1. Amendment 13 which becomes applicable on 25 November Insert the following new and replacement pages in. all previous editions of Doc , Volume II. Volume II. Construction of Amendments 1 to 6 incorporated in this edition. 1. 16/4/ ICAO. 7. 10/11/ ICAO.

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If no holding pattern is depicted, you are expected to begin holding in a standard holding pattern on the course upon which you approached the fix. Timing for subsequent outbound legs should be adjusted, as necessary, to achieve proper inbound leg time.

Always remember that Eddie, when you get right down to it, is just a pilot. If a limiting radial is also specified, then the outbound distance is determined either by the limiting DME distance or the limiting radial, whichever comes first; the aircraft is turned right to intercept the inbound holding track; and on second arrival over the holding fix, the aircraft is turned right to follow the holding pattern. However, quality of life will suffer when people are disturbed or annoyed by noise.

Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation has no affiliation or connection whatsoever with this website, and Gulfstream does not review, endorse, or approve any of the content included on the site. Pilots should attempt to maintain the track by making allowance for known wind by applying corrections both to heading and timing.


You draw the pattern as the instructions are given. In any case, you have to wait until the end of the instruction to make this determination. Trust but verify Some pilots use what might be called “the wind arrow” method of drawing these undepicted holding patterns.

Toggle navigation Top Menu. Well, that generally works but that isn’t what the manual says. The angle of the view This was for aircraft designed prior to Bloom where you are planted 3. When given the length of the pattern you must still wait to hear if “left turns” is given. Movies” “The Stuck Mike Show: While not common, you might also be given a course, in which case the Navaid goes at the head of the arrow.

Let’s say you have an EFC of Z and have entered the holding pattern at your desired speed. Sector 3 Direct Entry U. On your next docc you roll wings level outbound at Z, 15 minutes to go. If I can’t find the published procedure, I ask. I think the world of Gulfstream Aerospace.

If you use knots below 6, feet; knots below 14, feet; and knots above that, you will stay within PANS OPS 3 and 4 limitations and all other international holding speed limitations. Don’t worry about things you cannot control. Noise has historically been the principal environmental issue for aviation.


I was attending an Air Force instrument school refresher back in when the instructor was giving each pilot a holding problem that ended with, “which way do you turn? One of the selling points for G Enhanced Navigation systems is that FMS holding patterns, en route and approach, are smarter. Nonetheless, they remain valid techniques for any aircraft idao U.


Adrian Eddie’s In Box: Sleep disturbance caused by environmental noise can also affect the quality and quantity of sleep, leading to drowsiness and poor performance the following day.

Aircraft Operations, Chapter 4, Section 4. I have found errors over the years. This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not icwo been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. If you wish to contribute or participate in the discussions about articles you are invited to join SKYbrary as a registered user.

The ICAO does not specify double or triple drift techniques, but they don’t specifically forbid them either. My objective is to give pilots the tools they need to fly more safely.

Where DME 88168 available, the length of the outbound leg may be specified in terms of distance instead of time.

– /icaodocs/Doc – Aircraft Operations/

Vll me be clear about this: Annoyance is the most widespread problem caused by environmental noise. If the abeam position cannot be determined, start timing when turn to outbound is completed. Holding pattern timing, from Eddie’s notes. Noise disturbance can have significant adverse effects on people living close to an airport, including: