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Elfriede Hermann, «Communicating with Transculturation», Le Journal de la Société des Océanistes by the Cuban sociologist Fernando Ortiz ([]. ) . Fernando Ort z on the Phases of Transculturation, from a speech made in Abstract. MARRERO LEON, Erelis. Transculturation and cultural studies. A brief approach to Fernando Ortiz’ thinking. Tabula Rasa [online]. , n

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Transculturación y estudios culturales. Breve aproximación al pensamiento de Fernando Ortiz

The mixed blood is made white, by law or through wealth or ancestry; but his life is a constant frustration aggravated by ceaseless pretense. Transculturation can often be the result of colonial conquest and subjugation, especially in a postcolonial era as native peoples struggle to regain their own sense of identity. In many cosmopolitan societies, religion is everything—social, utilitarian, intellectual, political; from the point of view of people of immersed cultures; The very concept of ethnicity and its distinctions is incongruous to their immersed concepts.

In the other general sense, transculturation is one aspect of global phenomena and human events. Degrees of hostile conflict vary from outright genocidal conquest, to lukewarm infighting between differing political views within the same ethnic community.

There are many other examples of the essential significance of language. Search my Subject Specializations: Ethnocentrism often takes different forms, as it is a highly personal bias, and manifests itself in countless aspects of culture. Transculturation is a term coined by Cuban anthropologist Fernando Ortiz in [1] to describe the phenomenon of merging and converging cultures.

But gradually, as social anthropology probes deeper into the question, the four phases of the process of transculturation are properly observed. Views Read Edit View history. Often it’s in a secular, multi-ethnic environment that cultural concerns are both minimised and exacerbated; Ethnic prides are boasted, hierarchy is created “center” culture versus “periphery” but on the other hand, they will still share a common “culture”, and common language and behaviours.


At times the colored man becomes desperate and hates himself. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. He is an exemplary model of postcolonial agency and accomplishment. This is perhaps the most difficult phase.

Acculturation Cultural appropriation Cultural area Cultural artifact Cultural baggage Cultural behavior Cultural bias Cultural capital Cross-cultural Cultural communication Cultural conflict Cultural cringe Cultural dissonance Cultural emphasis Cultural framework Cultural heritage Cultural icon Cultural identity Cultural industry Cultural invention Cultural landscape Cultural learning Cultural leveling Cultural memory Cultural pluralism Cultural practice Cultural property Cultural reproduction Cultural system Cultural technology Cultural universal Feernando Enculturation High- and low-context cultures Interculturality Manuscript culture Material culture Non-material culture Organizational culture Print culture Protoculture Safety culture Technoculture Trans-cultural diffusion Transculturation Visual culture.

The dominant white tolerates these people, their conventional whitewashings, accepts their cooperation when this is advantageous to him, and is even lenient towards marriages of convenience. Liverpool Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service.

I have sensed them in my own experience in social contacts with my colored fellow-citizens during the whole forty years of my Afro-Cuban studies-from hostility and suspicion through tolerance to cooperation. Nevertheless, obstacles to ethnoconvergence are not great. It argues that Ortiz ranks among the most important theorists of the postcolonial condition.

Within each smaller ethnicity, individuals may tend to see it perfectly fernajdo to assimilate with other cultures, and some others view assimilation as wrong and incorrect for their culture. At times he escapes and even takes his own life. The black man rebels, if such a thing is possible and fights his oppressor. The colored man ortoz now in his second generation in America and tries to outdo himself imitating, at times quite blindly, both the good and the bad traits of the white man.

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Transculturation encompasses more than transition from one culture to another; it fdrnando not consist merely of acquiring another culture acculturation or of losing or uprooting a transcultufation culture deculturation.


For this reason, this occasion, which brings together a group of Cubans of different races, who are seeking the bases of mutual understanding as a means of achieving national integration, constitutes a new turn in the history of our country and should be so interpreted. Publications Pages Publications Pages. These changes often represent differences between homeland transculturstion, and their diasporic communities abroad.

The obstacle to ethnoconvergence is ethnocentrismwhich is the view that one’s culture is of greater importance than another’s. The driving force for conflict is simple proximity —boundaries, once separating people providing for a measure of isolation become the issue of a conflict when societies encroach upon one another territorially.

Where transculturation impacts ethnicity and ethnic issues the term “ethnoconvergence” is sometimes used.


The primary issue; languagehence, communication and education can be overcome within a single generation—as is evident in the easy acclimation of children of foreign parents. Then it is alleged that the black race is accursed; “Noah spoke the original malediction,” say the theologians.

All this occurs even in the nineteenth century. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter. In a word, he looks upon the dominated race with kinder eyes provided they “keep their place. Often, history shows us, the processes of co-existence begins with hostilities, and with the natural passing of polarist individuals, comes the passing of their polarist orhiz, and soon some resolution fernaando achieved.

These stages in inter-racial relations are not peculiarly Cuban. Classical, Early, and Medieval Plays and Playwrights: Some intellectuals, such as Michael Ignatieffargue that convergence of a general culture does not directly entail a similar convergence in ethnic identities.